I wanted to share a few nuts and bolts of MIDI for iOS development. Specifically, the best frameworks out there, a process for exploring MIDI, etc.
- AudioKit is by far the best for Swift developers.
- Csound is a music computing system and has infinite potential.
- MIKMIDI is great for Objective-C developers.
Both of these links were helpful for parsing MIDI.
My initial process always starts with research. When it comes to MIDI for iOS development, there are a lot of tools
- Sound.io Midi - This library makes it easy to attach MIDI controllers to web apps.
MusicXML looks scary but there is Music JSON so that's promising.
- MusicJSON is proposal for a standard way of creating music sequence data in JSON.
VexFlow is awesome. The tool precisely taught me how to "think" about music through:
- Clef Properties - List of clef names.
- Key Properties - List of note names.
- Accidentals - List of accidentals.
- Key Signatures - List of valid keys.
- Duration - List of duration codes.
- Articulations - List of articulations
- Ornamentals - List of ornamentals
This table is exactly what I needed to understand what to store.
I really like VexFlow and look forward to using the language in a future guitar project.
The author of Music Notation Kit, Kyle Sherman, decided to organize music into a different classes including:
- Measure Repeat
- Time Signature
- Tuplet (Duplet, Triplet, ... Septuplet)
- Note Collection
- Note Duration
- Repeated Measure
Other Noteworthy Links
Free MIDI Performances
Commercial MIDI Tracks
- Fluid R3 GM - MIT License
- GeneralUser GS by S. Christian Collins
- Magic Sound Font v2.0 by Dennis Deutschmann
- Unison by Peter Jevnisek's
- Musica Theoria v2.0 by Jeff D.
- Zenph Studios Yamaha Disklavier Pro Piano Multisamples for OLPC
- University of Iowa Electronic Music Studio
- Arachno SoundFont, version 1.0 by Maxime Abbey
- TimGM6mb by Tim Brechbill
- FluidR3Mono_GM - MIT License
- Timbres of Heaven v3.2 by Don Allen
- [Acoustic Grand Piano)(http://freepats.zenvoid.org/Piano/YamahaDisklavierPro-GrandPiano.tar.bz2) by Roberto Gordo Saez
- Acoustic Grand Piano by Roberto Gordo Saez
- Personal Copy offers high quality
Tools for Devs
- Buzzwood MIDI Test Page has a suite of MIDI tests you can use to determine if you have a strange sounding instrument in your SoundFont files.
SoundFont Compression / Decompression
sfArk is a tool that compresses SoundFonts. Think .ZIP file for sounds. It was created by a now defunct company called Melody Machine but you can still gain access to their tool via Github
- sfArk Compressor
- sfArk Decompressor
- sfArk Command Line - A simple command-line tool to convert sfArk files to sf2 based
- [http://melodymachine.com/sfark.htm](sfArk to sf2 library)
- [https://cloudconvert.com/sfark-to-sf2](sfArk to sf2 Online)
Intellectual Property Law
Business to Business
Web Audio API
- Web Audio API School by Matt McKeg
- Google Music Lab
- Soundbank by Matt McKeg is a collection of Web Audio API audio slots, supporting audio routing, midi input and value providers.
- Loop Drop app by Matt McKeg is a MIDI looper, modular synth and sampler app.
Interesting Advancements in MIDI
aeolus Aeolus is a synthesised (i.e. not sampled) pipe organ emulator that should be good enough to make an organist enjoy playing it. It is a software synthesiser optimised for this job, with possibly hundreds of controls for each stop, that enable the user to "voice" his instrument. First presented at the 2nd LAD conference in Karlsruhe, end of April 2004.
Create Sounds for MIDI Using Soundfont 2 or EX24
If you ever want to create a sound library for MIDI, here are two simple ways: SoundFont or EX24.
SoundFont is old school but still useful. The idea is to assign a Wave file to a MIDI note.
C4 on a MIDI note is note 60.
This should explain where EX24 originated from and how you can create an ex24 sound bank.
What is sfArk?
It's a lossless audio compression format optimized for SoundFont files. sfArk is free for non-commercial use. Programs to decompress sfArk files exist for Windows, MacOS X and Linux platforms.
sfArk is a closed source format created by a now defunct company called Melody Machine. It's like a zip file for soundfont files. When the company died they also removed the extractor and decompressor utilities. These utilities are around but almost impossible to find. Having just spent 2 hours searching for the utilities I've decided to host them here to save others time in the future!