Sitar: Learning Indian Solfege (sargam)
Western music uses a technique called solfege for sight-seeing and ear training. I'm sure at some point in time, you've heard people sing out Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do.
Indian music uses a solfege-like system called sargam. Similar to Solfege, sargam uses 7 notes (called swaras) to make a scale and you can modify the words to match different pitch intervals. For example, in Solfege a major scale is Do Re Mi and minor scale will contain Do Re Me.
As a side note, the word sargam is an acronym made up of the first four notes in the scale. META....
Western solfege was derived from an old Latin script that used words like
So these sounds:
Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do
Were derived from this text:
Ut queant laxis resonare fibris, Mira gestorum famuli tuorum, Solve polluti labii reatum, Sancte Iohannes
Sargam shares a similar type of evolution.
Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni, Ṡa
Were born out of these words:
Sometimes, you'll also see sargam written like this:
S, R, G, M, P, D, N